Madhav Rao Scindia
The name of Late Shri Madhav Rao Scindia was at the highest peak in according respect in India and foreign countries. Scindia was the only politician who knows to fly aeroplanes, drive a car, motorcycle, and railway engine. As union Railways minister from 1985 to 1988 . He was known as the ablest minister in whole of the country. During his time railway was a satisfactory and comfortable journey. Madhav Rao Scindia has been very popular minister of northern India. He was well known as president of Cricket control Board and patroniser of sports. Of the various princes of previous states Madhorao Scindia is one who maintains his popularity in masses. IN the whole of country and developed railway network, he in whole state and Gwalior town has given new development In 1980 Gwalior was ordinary city but now not only international matches are played in the cricket stadium but Scindia has made Hockey stadium also.
FAMILY TREE OF SCINDIA DYNASTY
Rano Ji Scindia(1726-45)
JAIPAPPA DATTO JI JYOTIBA TUKOJI MAHADJI
(WHO MADE GWALIOR AS CAPITAL IN 1811 OF HIS STATE)
JANKOJI RAO (1827-43)
JIVAJI RAO (1843-86)
JIVAJI RAO SCINDIA(1925-1948)
MADHAV RAO SCINDIA(30-09-2002)
Main Offices Of Gwalior
Gwalior is important from administration point of view. Many main administration point of view. Many main administrative offices are situated here. Narcotics Commissioner of India N. C. C. Women Training school, Accountant General MP, Indian Institute of Tourism and Travel Management of Govt. of India, and MP High court Bench and Institute of Hotel Management are situated at Gwalior.
Similerly about dozen offices of MP Govt. State offices are also situated in Gwlior; of them are Transport Commissioner Office, Excise Commissioner office, Local Fund Director’s office, Hd. Qr. ot Revenue Board of MP Offices of Chambal and Gwalior Division Commissioners, office of lG Police, Office of Chief Engineer of MPEB, PWD, and Irrigation Dept. are also PHE located in Gwalior.
Jiwaji University 12 Music colleges, MP Housing Board, Industrial Development Corporation, Medical College, Office of Town and Country planning Special area development, Addl. Director Industries Addl. Director Public relation, Addl director education Joint Director vaterinary, Adivasi Vikas Pradhikaran(ST DEVELOPMENT), Joint Director Agricuture, Joint Registrar Cooperative Societies Central Archaeological dept. (ASI), Defence Research, Laboratory, All India Radio Central Excise, Border Security Force Tekanpur are based in Gwalior. G. M. Telephone Dept. Dy Chief Engineer Construction Central Railway Office, Gwalior Development Corporation Land Records MP main office MP Govt. Insurance corporation, Ayurvedic college, Hemeopathic college.
Bhavbhuti – Distinguished Person
Name of Bhavbhuti is cited whenever there is talk of Rang manch (stage art) in the world. Bhavbhuti was notonly a poet of pathos but also an actor of at the stage. About 1200 to 1300 years ago Bhavbhuti through his NATAKS (dramas) gave completeness to stage art (Rangmanch)which even today is significant for those who appreciate Nataks (dramas) Although prior to Bhavbhuti kalidas etc. important poets and dramatists enriched Indian literature with their poetry and writings but Bhavbhuti in Madhya Bharat region through his plays in 7th-8th Century, did play an important role to make people of that erato enjoy dramas. This is illustrated by various proofs found in th latest archaeological evacuation.
Where did Bhavbhuti hail from? To which region from his description found in his leterature indicate? From these datas various claims have been put forward by literary people about his place of birth and area of his works; some claim him to be of the south and some of the vidharbh.
In his plays Malti Madhav and Mahavir Charit -namak while depcting his dynasty Bhavbhuti mentions that his ancestors hailed from Padampur town. His father’s name was Neelkanth and that of pitamah (grand father ) was Gopal. His mother’s name was Jatukarni. Jagadhar critic of Malti Madhav by assuming Padampur as Padmavati has written that Bhavbhuti had special love for Padmavati in the same manner as kalidas had for Ujjaini. He has emotionally and whole heartily gave aliving description of and by this important description of Padmavati if transpires that this is his birth place.
The description givern by Bhavbhuti goes a long way in deciding the geographical conditions of Padampur or Padmavati. As per Bhavbhuti the town of padmavati is surrounded by two rivers Sindhu (Sindh) and Para(Parvati). There is the sacred sangam of Sindh Parvati and Madhumati at this juncture (Sangam)there is Shiv temple from times immemorial. At a little distance there is a small river Lavna. During rainy season people to to banks of Lavna for recreation.
Bhavbhuti And Gwalior
Useful geographical features presented in MALTIMADHAV is a place of the village Pawaya -65 K. Ms. southern east of Gwalior. As regards the place of birth of Bhav Bhuti there is primary indication as Pawaya in the book of General Kanghim in his book(COINS OF MEDIAEVAL INDIA). By the sudy of the geographical description given by Bhavbhuti, General Kanighim arrived at the conclusion that padmavati mentioned in Malti Madhav is in fact Padampur and present village Pawaya is old Padmavati. Pawaya village is near to place where two rivers Sindhu(at present Sindh) and Para (Parvati) join. Madhumati river is Madhu or Mohar river and Lavna river flowing towards the north , is at present known as Nun or Lun river.
The opinion of General kanighim is coroborated by the conclusion arrived at by “Garde Sahib” observations of archaeological works of exvations. In a similar manner M. B. Lale has in his work Malti Madhav proved that present village pawaya is Padmavati the real place of birth of Bhavbhuti.
Bhavbhuti was in between the end of 7th century and mid of 8th century. Bavbhuti could not get assistance from any ruler. Rulers neglected him. That is why he started loving pathos and pains and was adjudged as the best poet ot “KARUN RAS” In his last days he was in the Darbar of Raja Yashvarman.
Plays Of Bhavbhuti
Threeworks of Bhavbhuti are available, viz Malti Madhav, Mahavir chairitam and Uttar Ram chiritam.
- MALTI MADHAV- This is a play of 10 acts. In this Madhav s/o Devrat minister of vidharb Malti daughter of Bhurivdsu minister of Padmavaties love story is describes. In this kingaras loves and romance is at the top. There is combination of history and immaginations.
- MAHAVIR CHIRITAM – This is a play of 7 acts . Ther is history of life of Lord Rama. In it Rama’s marriage Rama’s exile, Sita kidnapping and Rama’s enthroning have been told.
- UTTAR RAM CHIRITAM – This play of 7 acts magnifies the importance of Bhavbhuti. In this there is story of Lord Rama’s advent of life. There are differences in description made by Bhavbhuti when it is compared with the Ramayana Bhavbhuti has by his immagination and wisdom acts described in 7facts of the occurences of Ramayana. In the end Sita is proved innocent with the result peoples suspicions are removed.
Jagirdars Of Gwalior
Late Maharaja Madhorao Scindia had divided his state in many jagirs for its efficient administration . Scindia Government and prorends etc. were given to 108 jagirdars according to their status. Jagirdars were given dresses, Palki, Chadi, Umbrela, Mono, Watch, etc. by the state. IN this regard there were clear orders writtens by late Madhorao Scindia. In 1913 Scindia Government had published a Govt. Book “Tareekh Jagirdaran” in which it was published about status, Mansab and rank of each Jagirdar in writing; which can be seen in the personal library of Shri Arjun Rao Madhorao Falke sahib in Phalkey Bazar. IN gwalior state there were 35 Sardar Sahiban in other ranks there were 64 Jagirdars and Sardars who didnot have sanad in writing . IN 3rd rank there were such 9 Jagirdars which liable in alteration in Jagirs; and which were under big Jagirdars. Amongst Jagirdars Shri Sahib was above all who was also Guru of Maharaja Scindia. With the blessing of ancestor of Mansoor Shah Data of Shri Sahib Gwalior Maharaja Mahadji Scindia could restore his state.
Shri Sahib was bestowed hundreds of villages as Jagirs in Agra, Mathura, and in the South. His income was about 1lac in per-independence period. WHen Maharaja used to call shri Sahib in his Darbar Sardar SHitole used to go to bring him and Maharaja himself used to receive him when his carriage brought him.
J. P. Gupta, Sr. Advocate
Shir J. P. Gupta was born in Gwalior and is 74 years old. He is a prominent Sr. leading advocate of Gwalior. He passed L. L. B. in 1946 and L. L. M. in 1948 and started his career as advocate in Gwalior and now has become the leading advocate of Gwalior. He is now known as legal expert in the entire country. IN Lucknow Univercity Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma was his professor of law. In M. P. Shri J. P. Gupta is well known for his successfull practiceon criminal side. He is directly connected with literacy and social organisation and giving his services free in cases of social justice. He is also deeply interested in music and in the upkeep of tombs of Gos Sahib and world fame Tansen. People of all community owe great allegiance to him.
He is an intelligent, Polished, affluent and matchless personality in the bar. He has been President of Bar in which he was unanimously elected with out contest. He had been offered post of Hon’ble Justice of High court which he declined. His memory could have even outdated computer in erstwhile young age. A day when this exemplary personality will be a great set back to the people of vacuum unfiled and there will be a great people of Gwalior.
How To Reach Gwalior
By air Indian AirLines provides regular flights. From Delhi, Bombay, Indore, and Bhopal there are daily panes to Gwalior whereas for Jabalpur and Raipur there are 3flights in a week. By Rail- Gwalior is situated on Central Railway on Delhi-Bombay and Delhi-Madras. From Agra, Delhi, Bhopal, Madras, Bombay and Banglore there are about 25 superfast trains in 24 hours. By Bus- For Gwalior there are regular buses from Agra, Mathura, Jaipur, Delhi, Lucknow, Bhopal, Chanderi, Indore, Jhansi, Khujrao, Rewa, Ujjain and Shivpuri etc. There are alsoLuxury buses from Agra, Delhi, and Bhopal etc. Taxies, Tongas, Auto riksha and Tampos ply in greater Gwalior.
Following are the distances of various cities from Gwalior
Gwalior to Agra… . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110 K. Ms.
Gwalior to Bhopal…. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 400 K. Ms.
Gwalior to Bombay…. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1091K. Ms.
Gwalior to Delhi… . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 318 K. Ms.
Gwalior to Sanchi… . . . . . . . . . . . . . 344 K. Ms.
Gwalior to Shivpuri…. . . . . . . . . . . 108 K. Ms.
Gwalior to Khujrao… . . . . . . . . . . . . 378 K. Ms.